News + Insights


Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR): Complying with New UK Legislation

15 March 2019

As of April 2019, all large UK registered companies are required to report on their energy consumption, GHG emissions, and energy intensity within their annual report, according to a Government’s response to the recent Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) consultation.

The SECR scheme has replaced the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) scheme, simplifying reporting requirements and drawing in an additional 8,000 businesses into mandatory carbon reporting. SECR is expected to apply to all ‘large companies’, registered in the UK, similar to the qualification criteria of the Energy Savings Opportunity Scheme (ESOS). This means 10,700 companies will be reporting energy and emissions in their annual reports for the first time.

The proposed SECR scheme, will ensure that energy use and carbon emissions will be visible to company boards and investors, and an energy intensity metric (such as kWh per unit of production) will help put usage into context for organisations. Energy and carbon intensity metrics are already used by many Anthesis clients at a board level to understand productivity, efficiency and market risk.

The proposal for inclusion of energy and carbon information in annual reports is in line with The Financial Stability Board’s Taskforce on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD). The SECR legislation will begin in parallel with the proposed increase in Climate Change Levy (CCL), ensuring that a financial incentive to reduce energy consumption remains.

Eligibility criteria

The Government has tried to keep eligibility in line with ESOS regulations for simplicity. However, organizations should be cautious as unlike ESOS, SECR eligibility does not necessarily require a company to meet the minimum requirement of 250 employees if they meet the two remaining eligibility criteria.

SECR flowchart


Companies exempt from SECR

  • Very low energy users who can confirm they used 40,000kWh or less in the 12 month period are not required to disclose SECR information

  • Unquoted companies apply for exemption where it is not practical to obtain some or all of the SECR information

  • Where Directors believe that disclosing SECR information will be seriously prejudicial to the interests of the company

What to do next

  • Determine your risk to SECR compliance both now and in future years

  • Inform those responsible of your annual report submission (to Companies House) of these changes

  • Implement utility and transport data collection strategy across the organisation. This might be through energy champions at each location, recording meter readings or collecting data from utility providers. Preferably, automated metering techniques will remove all effort from this process. Supplier invoices should be used to cross-reference site information rather than informing the submission.

  • Calculate Scope 1, 2 emissions (including transport) and Scope 3 if you choose. Decide on an intensity metric - this will be a metric that influences energy use (i.e. production or floor area)

  • Report your global or UK energy use, emissions, intensity metric and commentary of energy efficiency measures as part of your Annual Report submission to Companies House

Note: SECR is not yet a legislated framework, it is a proposition based on the Governments response to the public consultation, published July 2018. 

About the author 

Ben Lynch 1790 (1000x1000)-1Ben Lynch is the service lead for Energy Consulting and is responsible for the delivery of consultancy, design and project management services. Ben has considerable experience in the commissioning, delivery and management of decentralised energy projects including energy masterplanning, district heating, techno-economic modelling of prospective schemes and post-project evaluation and optimisation. 

If you have any questions about SECR, or the wider energy and carbon policy landscape and how it affects your business, please get in touch with Ben Lynch, Head of Energy Consulting, or use our fill out form below:


Would you like someone to get in touch with you about this topic?


Subscribe to our News and Alerts